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Image restoration using techniques of machine learning

Grant number: 19/08636-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2019
Effective date (End): July 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Electrical Engineering
Principal Investigator:Magno Teófilo Madeira da Silva
Grantee:Guilherme Albuquerque Lizarzaburu
Host Institution: Escola Politécnica (EP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Recently, solutions based on machine learning for image restoration have been proposed in the literature. In general, image distortions are modeled by linear and spatial invariant point spread functions (PSFs). However, these distortions are nonlinear in practice, which justifies the use of nonlinear solutions to mitigate their effect. In this work, we intend to use neural networks to improve the quality of images. In particular, we will consider: (I) multilayer perceptron (MLP), (II) convolutional neural network (CNN), and (III) generative adversarial network (GAN). The goal is to study the feasibility of training these networks in order to maximize the mean structural similarity, a measure that takes into account characteristics of the human visual system and has been widely used in the literature to compare the similarity between two images. Finally, to obtain good results independently of distortion, we will also combine such networks in a mixture of experts.

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