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Prevalence and prognostic factors of musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents in São Paulo City

Grant number: 19/12049-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2019
Effective date (End): March 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal Investigator:Tiê Parma Yamato
Grantee:Verônica Souza Santos
Home Institution: Pró-Reitoria de Pós-Graduação, Pesquisa e Extensão. Universidade Cidade de São Paulo (UNICID). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:17/17484-1 - Prevalence and prognostic factors of musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents in São Paulo city, AP.JP

Abstract

Musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents represents an enormous burden worldwide, being one of the main reasons for years lived with disability, school absence and time off physical activity. Previous studies show that the impact of the pain during childhood seems strongly associated with consequences in adult life, such as chronic pain and poor health (e.g., mental health disorders, Obesity and smoking habits). However, data from prevalence andprognosis of pain in children and adolescents is scarce and often hampered by limitations in the population and prognostic outcomes. The aims of this project are to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents; and to determine the prognosis for children and adolescents with musculoskeletal pain. A cross-sectional study will be firstly performed (study 1) to understand the prevalence and the magnitude of musculoskeletal pain in Brazilian children and adolescents. Then, we will conduct a prospective cohort study with follow-up measures at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the baseline assessment to investigate the prognosis of this condition (study 2). This project will provide a better understanding of pain in children and adolescents, with the potential to contribute to the development of future strategies to prevent and manage pain. The prospective study will provide us valuable information on the course ofmusculoskeletal pain (i.e., what happens to pain, symptoms, and consequences over time), and the prognostic factors (i.e., impact of pain, psychosomatic symptoms, lifestyle, quality of life, and sleep) to predict which portion of children and adolescents will recovery as well as who isat risk of non-recovery, who had severe symptoms, who increased health care usage, or those that had a poor prognosis for other reasons. This information is essential to establish which part of the population needs further treatment and which part of the population will improve, for example, over time even with no treatment. (AU)