The aim of the research is to analyze and relate the process of institutionalization of women's participation in Legislative and the paradigm turn with the rise of populist leaders from two distinct countries: Brazil and the United States of America. The focus of the work is justified by the expansion of democratic alternatives that appeal to populist values and trigger a narrative against social minorities and identity movements. The selected countries have undergone significant changes in their state policies since the electoral conquest of executive power by populists such as Jair Bolsonaro (2019-2022) and Donald Trump (2017-2021). I will base the analysis on the theoretical approach of sociological institutionalism, observing the institutional and social changes that have taken place within these countries and the impacts on female representation. Our hypothesis understands that there was a decrease in the democratic quality for the minority groups, especially for the women, in these process of populist experiences, once the window of their legislative success had been affected. We will carry out a bibliographic survey and analyze data on the democratic quality of international databases.
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