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Effectiveness evaluation of the strategies for reducing risk of alcohol consumption among older people

Grant number: 19/15304-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): February 28, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology - Psychological Treatment and Prevention
Principal researcher:Cleusa Pinheiro Ferri
Grantee:Amanda Elisa Graciolli Henrique
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/19472-5 - Innovative interventions related to alcohol consumption problems in Brazil: search for new approaches aimed at an old public health issue, AP.TEM

Abstract

Harmful use of alcohol is associated with adverse health and socioeconomic impacts on the individual and society at large. With the rapid access to the population and age-related living conditions, alcohol consumption in older people increased, and were later directed towards coping with this problem. Objective: to pay for the effectiveness of the intervention for the consumption of alcohol risk in people aged 55 years or more in primary care. Method: A randomized controlled clinical trial, aged over 55 years, enrolled in the UBS of the Altos de Santana neighborhood. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of group work interventions in 2 groups: Group 1 (step care) and Group 2 (step care). Step-by-step care is three different functions that are offered in a step-by-step manner (1. Booklet + Feedback, 2. Motivational interview, 3. referral to specialized service). The study consisted of three evaluation phases, in the triage (T0), in the baseline (T1), and in a six-month follow-up event (T2). Instruments: Demographic data; General health questionnaire; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT); Cognitive Scale (ADAS-cog); Quality of life questionnaire (WHOQol-bref); Depression scale (GDS); Disability Scale (WHODAS 2.0). Search Results: From a stepwise intervention with the exercise of life change, reduce alcohol consumption and improve health indicators in older people with 55 years or more of basic use.

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