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Democracy and anti-pluralist movements: analytical impacts on contemporary political theory.

Grant number: 19/09549-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): January 05, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Political Theory
Principal researcher:Adrian Gurza Lavalle
Grantee:Paulo Henrique Paschoeto Cassimiro
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Among the dilemmas faced by democracies, one in particular has occupied a privileged place in contemporary debate: the emergence of new movements questioning some of the basic pluralist principles of democracies. Unlike movements that propose a frank rupture with institutions and mechanisms of liberal-democratic representation, these new movements accept the minimalist principles of representation, while denying basic principles of public liberty, equality, and recognition. This research project aims to contribute to the understanding of the analytical tools and debates that contemporary political theory offers for the study of these upward movements and their implications for democratic value pluralism. We seek to contribute to the theoretical debate on the emergence of new contemporary democratic questioning movements, starting with the following question: which explanation of the place, origins and effects in democracy of what we are calling the antipluralist movements political theory has to offer? In the same way, we must ask ourselves about the place reserved in democratic theory for the undemocratic elements present in these forms of questioning, and whether it is possible for democratic theory to absorb/explain them: that is, to what extent these antipluralist forms of democratic criticism are possible part of democratic dynamics or, ultimately, they bring irreconcilable contradictions with the very possibility of democracy.