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Multidisciplinary approach of the independence of the older adults with Parkinson's Disease: design, ergonomics and inclusion in the dressing and undressing activities

Grant number: 19/24864-0
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 07, 2020
Effective date (End): September 06, 2021
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Industrial Design
Principal Investigator:Luis Carlos Paschoarelli
Grantee:Leticia Nardoni Marteli
Supervisor abroad: Fernando José Carneiro Moreira da Silva
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura, Artes e Comunicação (FAAC). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Bauru. Bauru , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal  
Associated to the scholarship:18/20678-5 - Design and ergonomics aspects in clothing for people with Parkinson's Disease: usability analysis in interaction of dressing and undressing, BP.DR

Abstract

With population aging, the number of diseases that affect motor performance has increased significantly in recent years. Among these, Parkinson's disease (PD) stands out, whose progressive motor symptoms affect the ability to the perform activities and manipulate products of daily living independently. Considering the manipulative and usability activities that involve the interaction with clothing, such pathology can make it difficult or even impossible to perform and the dressing and undressing activities and the full use of these products. Clothing being an extension of one's own body, assumes the importance of providing security, comfort, satisfaction and identity, as it reflects the physical and psychosocial well-being of the human being. When their use is compromised by the lack of design attributes required to meet user needs, the interaction is flawed and can become exclusionary and stigmatized. Thus, it is not well known how PD can limit the autonomy and usability in the interaction with clothing products - regarding motor impairment - since such artifacts have different characteristics (function, size, texture, material, etc.). ) and require coordinated, fine and precise movements, as well as the use of distinct grip forces and skin sensitivity. Thus, the study aims to investigate and understand through the experiences of caregivers/family aspects that lead to the practicality of the activity incorporated into the product design, aiming to promote independence. For this, its methodological procedures will be based on focus groups and qualitative approaches with caregivers/family and designers from Portugal, whose aging characterize a significant range of the population of this country. With this, it is expected to obtain guidelines for the direction of more inclusive designs, aiming to satisfy the needs (technical and design) of a garment aimed at promoting usability and independence. (AU)