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Franciscan observance and sanctity strategy: Franceschina's manuscript of Giacomo Oddi and its social-political project (XV century)

Grant number: 19/17537-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2020
Effective date (End): December 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Ancient and Medieval History
Principal Investigator:Maria Cristina Correia Leandro Pereira
Grantee:André Luiz Marcondes Pelegrinelli
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/14786-6 - Writings on new worlds: a history of the construction of moral values in Portuguese, AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):21/09541-0 - Development of a database of Franciscan manuscripts and images, BE.EP.DR


The friars of the Franciscan observance threatened by the power increase of the conventual friars and in face of the failing of the Giovani de Capestrano canonization, needed to rethink their saint manufacturing strategy used for the identity construction and the group public image. It is in this background that Giacomo Oddi finished writing, in 1474, the Specchio dell'Ordine Minore, also known as Franceschina, a hagiographic compilation based on former traditions which narrates the lives of hundreds of dead friars with a saint fragrance, featuring the resemblances with Francesco d'Assisi and Christ, in order to point out his observing group legitimacy and integrity. Though, the influence that Giacomo Oddi's work would have in later texts, it was copied in just three medieval manuscripts, that not only didn't present the text author, but also are widely illustrated with water coloring images - a characteristic already on the prior manuscript. Through analysis of those three manuscripts - their texts, their images and its materiality - as well as former and contemporaneous works that relate with the piece, we'll discuss the sanctity instrumentalization set in practice by the observing group during that conjecture while, threatened, tried to present a harmonious continuity between new and former saints. (AU)

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