The renewal of the political history of Bahia is hampered by the belief that the leaders ofthe state did not play a prominent role in the national politics during the First Republic,supposedly dominated by the "café-com-leite" alliance between São Paulo and MinasGerais. Also damaging is the belief that the voters, the populations, and the socialorganisations were not part of the frequent disputes between the party chiefs of Bahia.However, recent historiographical researches about the First Republic, questioning the"política dos governadores" and the "política do café-com-leite", have revealed a greaterdegree of competition among political leaders than the postulated by traditional studies.Moreover, these researches show that on several occasions there has been an effort by theBrazilian leaders to mobilize institutions, voters and even groups deprived of politicalrights. This debate is also important for the 1930s, when levels of political competitionincreased. I propose to study the extent to which, during elections, arrangements andrearrangements between political leaders opened space for articulation with individualsand organizations of Bahian society between 1926 and 1937.
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