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The artisanal fishery activity and the traditional caiçara community of sustainable development reserve of Barra do Una (SP): an ethno-oceanographic approach to detail interactions

Grant number: 19/20115-3
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2020
Effective date (End): January 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Fishery Resources and Fishery Engineering - Marine Fishing Resources
Principal Investigator:Maria de Los Angeles Gasalla
Grantee:Mariana Santos Lobato Martins
Home Institution: Instituto Oceanográfico (IO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Artisanal fisheries are one of the most important traditional activities in marine and coastal zones. The same has cultural, social and economic values for coastal communities and also provides food resources. Although its importance, artisanal fisheries have been impacted by non-efficient management and the establishment of integral protected areas. Such conservation model may affect fisheries territories and resource access. In the Atlantic Forest, over São Paulo state, there are several conflicts recorded between protected areas and caiçara traditional communities. The latter holds a strict relation with the ocean. The present study aims to investigate the traditional knowledge to enhance the detailing of interactions among fishery, territories, traditional communities and protected areas in the south coast of São Paulo. The theoretical bases of this project are etno-oceanography, human ecology and fisheries science. The proposed methodology will dialogue with traditional ecological knowledge of Barra do Una's Sustainable Development Reserve (BU SDR). Anonymous interviews are going to be applied to fishermen based on an adaptation of Delphi technique. The expected results are a characterization of local fisheries territory and its inter-relationships with surrounding environment and coastal protected areas, likewise an evaluation of possible impacts of BU SDR to artisanal fisheries activity. (AU)