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The impact of China shock on occupational segregation between men and women in Brazil

Grant number: 19/27810-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2020
Effective date (End): March 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Economics - Social Welfare Economics
Principal researcher:Ana Claudia Polato e Fava
Grantee:Juliana Cristofani
Home Institution: Centro de Engenharia, Modelagem e Ciências Sociais Aplicadas (CECS). Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC). Ministério da Educação (Brasil). Santo André , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Despite the growth of women's relative employment rates, many of them still face difficulties in accessing promising jobs. However, briefly analyzing Brazilian's labor market, it is possible to notice that, during the 2000s, there was a decrease of occupational segregation by gender. In the same period, the Brazilian productive sector was affected by the accentuation of trade with China. Therefore, this article will explore the gender specificities between and within sectors in order to verify whether the increase in domestic competition, caused by the expansion of Chinese participation on international trade (or China shock) has resulted in a reduction on occupational segregation between men and women in Brazil, during the years 1995 to 2013. Thus, the study is based on an empirical analysis using a panel data structure, through data from the Brazilian formal labor market (RAIS) and information about the trade flows between Brazil and China (BACI database). (AU)

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