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Biogeography of Epiponini (Vespidae, Polistinae): diversity, distribution and evolutionary history of the Neotropical Region

Grant number: 20/06633-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2020
Effective date (End): September 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal researcher:Fernando Barbosa Noll
Grantee:Marjorie da Silva
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas (IBILCE). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José do Rio Preto. São José do Rio Preto , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:19/09215-6 - Countering the taxonomic impediment of aculeate wasps: micro- and macroregional visions of the neotropical fauna, AP.BTA.TEM

Abstract

Swarm-founding wasps (Epiponini) are endemic and quite common in the Neotropical Region. However, the species diversity of this tribe is greatly underestimated. In addition, the hypothesis of origin in Neotropics has never been tested and studies focusing on the biogeographic history of the groups are scarce. Thus, the aims of this proposal are to intensify the search for data on the occurrence of Epiponini species (through field collections and museum collections) and make them available in public databases, identify specific areas of endemism for the species of the tribe and investigate the possible biogeographic scenarios of origin and diversification within the Neotropical Region using a statistical approach, based on a dated phylogeny of Epiponini with a representative taxonomic sampling. (AU)

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