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History, literature and politic in the First Republic: the militant chronicle of Domingos Ribeiro Filho in Careta magazine

Grant number: 20/07735-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2020
Effective date (End): February 28, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - History of Brazil
Principal Investigator:Denilson Botelho de Deus
Grantee:Juliana Amorim da Cruz
Host Institution: Escola de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (EFLCH). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus Guarulhos. Guarulhos , SP, Brazil


This research intends to investigate part of Domingos Ribeiro Filho (1875-1942) literary path in the magazine Careta, published in Rio de Janeiro. Having collaborated with his writings in this periodical between 1911 and 1934 - a collaboration until now poorly studied -, the proposal consists of analyzing the first years (1924-1925) of his performance in a specific column, entitled "Looping the loop", on which his chronicles addressed issues of daily life, at the same time that they constituted a privileged space for the exercise of their anarchist political activism. The central axis of the research is precisely the analysis of the way and the strategies employed by the literate, in the sense of articulating his political-ideological when approaching different aspects of the reality lived in the 1920s in the Federal Capital. As Careta is one of the best known magazines of that time, mixing political, social and customs criticism with satire on its pages - beginning with the cartoons often printed as an illustration on its covers -, the proposal is to investigate the meanings of political activism by the author of the chronicles published in this column, checking conditions and relationships networks which made it possible for him to be present in a great circulation press vehicle at that time. As this is a research developed in the social history of literature area, the theoretical assumption adopted implies conceiving the literary text from a dialectical and materialistic perspective. In other words, it is understood that the chronicle is a way which the author takes part in the history movement and interferes with his literary production, which is, at the same time, determined by many reality different factors in which it is produced - similar to what authors like Raymond Williams and Antonio Candido refer to, among others. Therefore, it is interesting to explore with this research the potential on these chronicles as document and source for the history of Brazil in the last decade of what was conventionally called the First Republic.

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