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The voice of the people in the paulista press: a discourse analysis on oratory performances of the popular classes in a Plebe, Correio Paulistano and Correio de São Carlos

Grant number: 20/01874-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2020
Effective date (End): August 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Linguistics
Principal researcher:Carlos Félix Piovezani Filho
Grantee:Evandro José Paschoalino
Home Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project aims to describe and interpret discourses about public speaking practices by members of the popular classes materialized in statements that circulated in the São Paulo press in the first decades of the 20th century. Taking into account the conditions of production of the troubled year of 1917, in which there was great political effervescence and the appearance of the well-known General Strike, we will seek to identify what was said, in principle, by enunciators of three São Paulo newspapers about popular oratory performances and how statements about these public speaking practices were formulated. For this, we will base our work on postulates of the materialist discourse analysis, proposed by Michel Pêcheux and his group, as well as on contributions from the History of linguistics ideas and Michel Foucault's works about the order of discourse. More precisely, we will appropriate postulates and notions, as well as methodological tools designed by them, to answer questions such as the following: what do the texts of the newspapers in the conservative and progressive fields say about the oratory performance of members of the working class? What are the memories preserved, taken up, reformulated and / or erased in the constitution of such statements, when it comes to formulations originating either from vehicles in the capital or from newspapers in the interior of São Paulo? In order to answer these and other questions, we will analyze statements extracted from the newspapers A Plebe, Correio Paulistano and Correio de São Carlos, examining in particular their editions published between January and July 1917. (AU)

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