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Persian women in greek imagination: the representation of otherness in Herodotus Histories

Grant number: 21/07157-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): November 19, 2021
Effective date (End): May 18, 2022
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Ancient and Medieval History
Principal researcher:Pedro Paulo Abreu Funari
Grantee:Amabile Helena Zanco
Supervisor abroad: Airton Brazil Pollini Junior
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Research place: Université de Strasbourg, France  
Associated to the scholarship:19/21963-8 - Persian women in the Greek imaginary: the representation of otherness in Herodotus' Histories, BP.MS

Abstract

Since ancient times, the East and its peoples have been objects of the western eye, which we can observe in many sources that try to describe and analyze this neighboring region, producing otherness speeches that marked its difference, as is the case of Herodotus Histories, fifth century work that guides our research. We can observe in greek rhetoric a otherness speech that sets a polarity between the Greeks and those called barbarians, especially the Persians, whose habits and traditions were defined as a group of moral, cultural, social and political characteristics that were opposed or inferior to the Greek ones, especially after the Greco-Persian Wars in the beginning of the fifth century.The representation of women was part of this practice, assisting Greek self-definition activity, in which they were presented as cruel, futile, controlling and conspirators, but also as economic, political, religious and cultural agents, individuals with cunning, intelligence and moderation, that intervene in the 'world of men'. The analysis of those women through the Histories and the iconographic representations allow us to reflect about Greek male ideas relating to women in their society, the behavior expected, the spaces occupied, and also actions that divert from the established norms.

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