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Comparation of characteristics of a intensive care unit - before ans during Coronavirus pandemic

Grant number: 21/05131-2
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2021
Effective date (End): December 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nursing - Public Health Nursing
Principal researcher:Silvana Andrea Molina Lima
Grantee:Caren Caroline Rubira Mauricio
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina (FMB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

COVID-19, with its high potential for contamination, was spreading around the world quickly, then scientific researches were started reaching the consensus that it was a virus, called SARS-COV-2.Its transmission occurs by inhalation or direct contact with contaminated droplets, being caused by a virus belonging to the coronaviridae family, which causes severe respiratory infections, increasing the need for intensive care. Therefore, the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), despite of presenting itself as environment that has high technology in equipment, requires continuous and integral surveillance from the nursing team. The care of critically ill patients requires knowledge and preparation, emphasizing nursing care, since it is fundamental in the care and safety of the patient incessantly. In spite of the number of COVID-19-related hospitalizations increase, it is important to emphasize that many uncontaminated patients also require intensive care, with nursing professionals assigned to this activity, which often take turns taking care of contaminated and non-contaminated patients, maintaining an high workload. As a result, the following question was raised: Was there a change in the profile of patients admitted to the ICU and in the workload of the nursing teams, after the pandemic of COVID-19? Thefore, the objective of this research is to identify and compare the profile of patients admitted to a non-COVID ICU and the workload of nursing professionals before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, with data collection from reports from the computer service of the The Medical School (FMB) of São Paulo State University (Unesp), Botucatu Campus, specifically from the non-COVID ICU located on the campus of Rubião Junior, of São Paulo State University "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" in Botucatu/SP. The data will be colected from March 2019 to February 2020 and March 2020 to June 2021. The collection will occur in the months of June and July 2021, having as inclusion criteria all patients admitted to the ICU of the HC-FMB, for at least 24 hours of the mentioned period. (AU)

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