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In between the "House of National Memory" and the murmur of the press: The Black man on the Nationality Rhetoric of IHGB magazine and of the Black Press (1833-1937)

Grant number: 21/08951-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2022
Effective date (End): December 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Theory and Philosophy of History
Principal Investigator:Karina Anhezini de Araujo
Grantee:Luís Roberto Manhani
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e Sociais (FCHS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Franca. Franca , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Throughout the entire nineteenth century and the beginning of 1900, the writing concerning the national past converted itself into a dispute that was not limited to places of enunciation of historical speeches considered official. Interested in this inquiry, this project aims to investigate the discourse regarding black people produced throughout 1800 and on the first decades of the republic, in two sets of sources: the magazine of the Brazilian Geographic and Historical Institute, published since 1839; and the papers commended by black men and women, the so-called black press. The central problematic of the study is to comprehend the way black people are inserted on the nationality rhetoric, and therefore, determined by the nation time in these discourse production establishments. The time frame prioritizes the first known periodic produced by the black press, 'O Homem de Cor,' published in 1833, and selects other papers with this characteristic until 1937, when the government of Getúlio Vargas operates a democratic disruption, imposing the shutdown of those papers. It is important to stress that the analysis of the publications of IHGB magazine between 1839 and 1937 is only possible due to the investigation realized on the master's study when we mapped and examined articles and documents that had black people as an object or indicate this necessity. This study, therefore, aims to ampliated the analysis realized in the dissertation, entitled: The discourse regarding the black man on historiography and ethnography of IHGB (1839-1925), where we localized the production of three temporalities: the presence of the absence; the pragmatic use of heroification or other necropolitical mechanisms; and, simultaneously, the black-slave and imperial nostalgia, temporalities that were characterized by the impact of the abolition of slavery and Proclamation of the Republic (Brazil).

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