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Collective housing and urban space in Brazil: Comuna Urbana Dom Helder Câmara

Grant number: 22/01241-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2022
Effective date (End): November 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Architecture and Urbanism Project
Principal researcher:Marcos Leite Rosa
Grantee:Isadora da Costa Barro Novo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The magnitude of the urban problems of the city of São Paulo comes to an unprecedented stage, as both historical and economic as urban policy related problems seem to have cooled down, revealing the difficulties in the realm of ideas and solutions for the city. In relationship to social housing, these stalemates are more evident as the massive public investments have not represented a qualitative change in different scales of the metropolis. Despite some important examples of housing solutions in "paulista" architecture indicating a more comprehensive proposal for urban space, there are no systematic studies that focus on this approach. The objective of this research is to identify the spatial patterns (understood as the relationship between architecture and city) in the project of Urban Commune Dom Hélder Câmara, a collective project by the Technical Assistance USINA, which was construed between 2008 and 2012 in the city of Jandira - in the metropolitan region of São Paulo - in a collective operation funded by resolution 460 from FGTS, the São Paulo Municipal Housing Secretary and the city of Jandira. In this sense, this research proposes: a) spatial analysis of the typologies; deriving on b) the relationship of these typologies with the existing city; c) the transformation of these spaces of habitat in the development of the city; d) the reception and incorporation of these alternatives to discipline and e) the consolidation of the documents of these projects for future research. This project is part of a broader research, which was supported by Auxílio Regular FAPESP (no. 2013 / 14951-7), coordinated by professors Luiz Recamán and Leandro Medrano (FAUUSP), dedicated to the study of some housing projects built in the metropolitan region from São Paulo, and is currently inserted in the Thematic Project 16 / 22704-8 - "Architecture and urbanism facing the social space in the 21st century: segregation strategies and appropriation tactics." In this new phase, the project includes the participation of post-doctoral fellow Marcos Leite Rosa, from the Department of History of Architecture and Aesthetics of the Project (AUH), from FAUUSP.

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