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How human action affects the risk of zoonosis transmission in urban and rural landscapes: an one health approach

Grant number: 22/07381-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2022
Status:Discontinued
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal Investigator:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Grantee:Raquel Luiza de Carvalho
Host Institution: Instituto de Estudos Avançados (IEA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:20/06694-8 - BIOTA SYNTHESIS - Nucleus of Analysis and Synthesis of Nature-Based Solutions, AP.BTA.NPOP
Associated scholarship(s):23/07920-0 - Can nature based solutions mitigate disease risk? A case study with Aedes infestation in urban areas, BE.EP.PD

Abstract

Zoonotic diseases, those transmitted from animals to humans, represent a significant threat to global public health, causing millions of deaths each year and resulting in significant economic losses. Studies have shown that their occurrence and increased incidence are related to climatic factors and anthropic action, especially the conversion of native environments to other uses. For example, habitat loss and fragmentation can affect disease incidence by altering the interactions, abundance and movement patterns of hosts, vectors, and people. In addition, the introduction of exotic species (such as Java - Pig) can represent a significant impact for some of these diseases, since these species can act as facilitators of some pathogens. In view of this, this postdoctoral proposal aims to fill the knowledge gaps of challenge 4 (zoonosis control), belonging to the Biota Synthesis project. The first objective of this project is the creation of conceptual models, which aim to understand the role of environmental factors and the introduction of exotic species in the propagation and risk of transmission of zoonotic diseases. For this, searches will be carried out for scientific articles on different data platforms. The second objective is the creation of an integrated database, using the concept of one health, on wild animals, vectors, hosts, and pathogens, through institutions linked to health and the Secretary of the Environment. Finally, predictive risk models will be created for different zoonotic diseases, in face of current and future scenarios of land use changes and climate changes, in urban and rural landscapes. The results of these models will support public policies for actions to prevent and control zoonotic diseases, focused on human, animal and environmental health. (AU)

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Scientific publications (6)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ANJOS, DIEGO V. V.; TENA, ALEJANDRO; VIANA-JUNIOR, ARLEU BARBOSA; CARVALHO, RAQUEL L. L.; TOREZAN-SILINGARDI, HELENA; DEL-CLARO, KLEBER; PERFECTO, IVETTE. The effects of ants on pest control: a meta-analysis. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, v. 289, n. 1981, p. 11-pg., . (22/07381-9)
CARVALHO, RAQUEL L.; RESENDE, ANGELICA F.; BARLOW, JOS; FRANCA, FILIPE M.; MOURA, MARIO R.; MACIEL, RAFAELLA; ALVES-MARTINS, FERNANDA; SHUTT, JACK; NUNES, CASSIO A.; ELIAS, FERNANDO; et al. Pervasive gaps in Amazonian ecological research. Current Biology, v. 33, n. 16, p. 15-pg., . (19/24049-5, 22/12231-6, 21/11840-6, 22/07381-9, 12/51872-5, 19/25478-7)
MACIEL, RAFAELLA; BRAGA, RODRIGO FAGUNDES; CARVALHO, RAQUEL L. L.; LOUZADA, JULIO; SLADE, ELEANOR M. M.. Tropical savanna conversion to exotic pastures negatively affects taxonomic and functional diversity of dung beetle assemblages, but not dung removal. Insect Conservation and Diversity, v. 16, n. 5, p. 12-pg., . (22/07381-9)
FRANCO, ANA LUIZA; CARVALHO, RAQUEL L.; ANDRESEN, ELLEN; MORA, FRANCISCO; VASCONCELOS, HERALDO L.; KORASAKI, VANESCA. Dung beetle morphological traits show intraspecific differences among four land uses in the Cerrado biome. JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION, v. 27, n. 1, p. 10-pg., . (22/07381-9)
CARVALHO, RAQUEL L.; ANDRESEN, ELLEN; ARROYO-RODRIGUEZ, VICTOR; ANJOS, DIEGO V.; RESENDE, ANGELICA F.; DE MELLO, FERNANDO VAZ; VASCONCELOS, HERALDO L.. Biodiversity in landscape mosaics: The roles of local land use and the surrounding landscape on dung beetle assemblages. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, v. N/A, p. 12-pg., . (22/07381-9, 19/24049-5)
PRIST, PAULA RIBEIRO; DE ANDREAZZI, CECILIA SILIANSKY; VIDAL, MARIANA MORAIS; ZAMBRANA-TORRELIO, CARLOS; DASZAK, PETER; CARVALHO, RAQUEL L.; TAMBOSI, LEANDRO REVERBERI. Promoting landscapes with a low zoonotic disease risk through forest restoration: The need for comprehensive guidelines. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, v. N/A, p. 12-pg., . (22/07381-9, 22/02174-5)

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