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The discourse as an instrument of populism: a comparative analysis between Trump and Bolsonaro

Grant number: 21/12309-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2022
Effective date (End): August 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - Public Policies
Principal Investigator:Felipe Gonçalves Brasil
Grantee:Gabriel Rodrigues dos Santos
Host Institution: Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:20/07485-3 - Dynamic attention and agenda-setting in Brazil (Brazilian Policy Agendas Project), AP.JP
Associated scholarship(s):23/04198-1 - The discourse as an instrument of populism: an analysis between Trumps America and Bolsonaros Brazil, BE.EP.MS

Abstract

This master's degree research seeks to analyze, from a comparative and international perspective, the content of the speeches, and mediatic manifestations of the elected presidents Donald Trump - United States (2017-2020) and Jair Messias Bolsonaro - Brasil (2018-2022) as a structuring instrument of populism (Hawkins, Kaltwasser, 2017; Hawkins, Kaltwasser, 2019; Mudde, 2004; Mudde, Kaltwasser; 2017). For that, it will be mapped, categorized and analyzed different attention indicators from both presidents, following the methods and studies organized by the Comparative Agenda Project. Among the documental corpus selected for analysis are the inauguration speeches, the annual declarations uttered at the american State of Union and the brazilian National Congress Message, as it will also be mapped the plans of government, the debates held in pre-election period in each of both countries. From the collected and categorized data, two analyses will be held: the first, of a longitudinal character, compares the attention of the speeches about public policies in each elected president with their predecessor, demonstrating changes and continuities in the priorities of the presidents. The second analysis, of a transverse and compared perspective, seeks to understand the similarities and differences that approximates and opposition of the symbolic agendas of Trump and Bolsonaro and analyze them according to the lenses of populism ideational and formation of the governmental agenda. This research seeks to re-enforce the studies that indicate the protagonism of the symbolic agenda of the elected presidents, highlighted in their speeches and pronouncements in the process of definition of priorities and formation of the governmental agenda.

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