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The Italian schoolbooks and the circulation of fascism in São Paulo and Buenos Aires 1922 to 1943

Grant number: 22/15183-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2023
Effective date (End): August 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Education - Fundamentals of Education
Principal Investigator:Diana Gonçalves Vidal
Grantee:Renata Brião de Castro
Host Institution: Faculdade de Educação (FE). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil


The present project will analyze the circulation of fascist ideals and the change of the nationality and italianity expressed in schoolbooks into São Paulo and Buenos Aires between 1922 and 1943. São Paulo and Buenos Aires were, and still are, two cities with the biggest amount of Italians and descendants. The Italian schoolbooks circulated trough the so named Italian schools in many countries in which there were a contingent of Italians, such as Brazil and Argentina. During this period of Benito Mussolini's government, the books were important instruments to spread its ideology, therefore the italianity and nationality got confused with fascism. About this, the Italian schoolbooks were used to instruct this school population and to teach the Italian identity, and, during the studied period, to a fascist Italian identity. In this direction, the intended analysis will be done from written content and material aspects, by approaching the school's material culture. To understand the international circulation from the fascist ideals trough the books, the theoretical choice is the transnational history of education. The empirical corpus, in its majority, will be from Italian schoolbooks kept in many different memorial institutions. The research about those Italian schoolbooks is still incipient into the education's history, justifying the present project. (AU)

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