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The selection of ideal immigrants: Italy, Brazil and ICEM (1950-1962)

Grant number: 24/02490-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2024
Effective date (End): June 30, 2025
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Modern and Contemporary History
Principal Investigator:Paulo Cesar Goncalves
Grantee:Amanda Pereira dos Santos
Supervisor: Sandro Mezzadra
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências e Letras (FCL-ASSIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Assis. Assis , SP, Brazil
Research place: Università di Bologna, Italy  
Associated to the scholarship:22/01867-7 - Migrants and refugees after The Second World War: migration policies in Modern Brazil (1946-1962), BP.DR

Abstract

The Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) developed specific programs for targeting, admitting, and hiring immigrants in Brazil. According to the agreement established in the 1950s, all emigrants presented by ICEM had to be approved by the National Institute of Immigration and Colonization (INIC, its acronym in Portuguese) through the work of the Brazilian Emigrant Selection Service, whose headquarters were located in Rome, Italy. ICEM subsidized the largest portion of Italian emigration to Brazil after the Second World War. Brazil, followed by Venezuela, was the Latin American country most favorable to international cooperation in the field of migration, given its incipient participation in ICEM. Therefore, the present project aims to understand the political-diplomatic cooperation between Brazil and Italy and the configuration of immigration policy established in the 1950s, the peak of the entry of Italian immigrants into Brazilian territory and the implementation of bilateral allocation agreements of labor, as well as ICEM's role in directing migratory flows in cooperation with the Brazilian Emigrant Selection Service.

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