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Center for Research on Biodiversity Dynamics and Climate Change

Grant number: 24/04847-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Journalism
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2024
Effective date (End): October 31, 2024
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Grantee:Gabriela Andrietta
Host Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio De Mesquita Filho, Brazil  
Associated research grant:21/10639-5 - Center for Research on Biodiversity Dynamics and Climate Change, AP.CEPID

Abstract

The unprecedented loss of biodiversity and the imminent threats of climate and environmental changes are among the most important challenges faced by humanity. Biodiversity continues to decline worldwide mainly in response to urban and agriculture expansion over natural areas. In addition, climate change is projected to commit over one third of the Earth's animal and plant species to extinction by 2050. Silently, the deterioration of species' habitats also drives the cryptic extinction of biotic interactions, some of which are essential in sustaining nature's contribution to people (e.g. pollination services). Therefore, the erosion of biodiversity cascades into the crumbling of the web of life, threatening the ecological functions that support the very existence of humankind. That reality built the unalienated idea of halting biodiversity loss and preventing drastic changes on global and regional climates as convergent goals. The São Paulo State University - UNESP is well-positioned to play a leading role in the establishment of adaptation and mitigation strategies that address threats to tropical biodiversity in times of rapid environmental shifts. It has some of the most renowned and well-established research groups working on Biodiversity conservation and anthropogenic changes, largely supported by FAPESP in the last 20 years. We propose a Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center (RIDC) on Biodiversity Dynamics and Climate Change (CBioClima): a unique, innovative Research Center congregating experts on science, diffusion, and innovation to produce global class and cutting-edge research and solutions targeting the current loss of biodiversity, its synergism with climate change and the consequences to human well-being. These threats include climate and other anthropogenic (e.g., the frequency and intensity of droughts and fires, habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, defaunation, invasive species, and unplanned agricultural and urban occupation, leading to geographic expansion of degraded lands) and social changes (e.g., overpopulation, increasing poverty in urban areas, social and gender inequality), as well as ways to reverse these trends to ecosystem restoration. Framed by the United Nation Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), mainly 15 - Life on land and 13 - Climate Action, CBioClima Research Center mission is to establish an observatory of biodiversity and climate change research, and to promote innovation focused on science-based sustainable solutions and accelerating diffusion of knowledge, aligned with the SDGs 4 - Quality Education and 5 - Gender Equality. The Research Center will make the state of São Paulo well-poised to collaborate and exchange expertise with the most successful biodiversity and climate change centers around the world. Such missions and goals are not yet found in any of the actual RIDCs (CEPIDs) or CEIs (Centers for engineering and Innovation) supported by FAPESP.

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