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Predisposing factors to livestock depredation by jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) in Pantanal region, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Grant number: 07/00976-7
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2007
Effective date (End): August 09, 2010
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology - Applied Ecology
Principal Investigator:Luciano Martins Verdade
Grantee:Fernando Cesar Cascelli de Azevedo
Host Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil


Habitat loss and close contact with domestic livestock may be forcing jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) to coexist with domestic animals and prey upon them. Livestock predation by jaguars and pumas may provoke illegal hunting activities toward these feline species and therefore become one of the most important concerns regarding the conservation of large carnivores. The objective of this proposal is to investigate patterns of livestock depredation by jaguars and pumas and determine the potential factors predisposing livestock to predation by these cats in a private land in the region of Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. A representative sample of the total livestock holdings will be marked and monitored during two consecutive years to determine survival rates, predisposing factors to predation, ecological and sub-letal factors that may be influencing risk of predation. Results of this study will be used to elaborate and implement management recommendations in areas where cattle is raised in close contact with native forest, thus contributing to the conservation and survival of populations of large wild cats in the region and to minimize the impact caused by jaguars and pumas on the livestock activity in the Pantanal region.

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Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
AZEVEDO, F. C. C.; VERDADE, L. M.. Predator-prey interactions: jaguar predation on caiman in a floodplain forest. JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, v. 286, n. 3, p. 200-207, . (07/00976-7)
WIDMER, CYNTHIA E.; HAGIWARA, MITIKA K.; FERREIRA, FERNANDO; AZEVEDO, FERNANDO C. C.. Hematology and Serum Chemistry of Free-ranging Jaguars (Panthera onca). JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, v. 48, n. 4, p. 1113-1118, . (08/02573-0, 07/00976-7)
WIDMER‚ C.E.; AZEVEDO‚ F.C.C.. Tungiasis in a free-ranging jaguar (Panthera onca) population in Brazil. Parasitology Research, p. 1-4, . (07/00976-7, 08/02573-0)
WIDMER, CYNTHIA E.; AZEVEDO, FERNANDO C. C.. Tungiasis in a free-ranging jaguar (Panthera onca) population in Brazil. Parasitology Research, v. 110, n. 3, p. 1311-1314, . (08/02573-0, 07/00976-7)
CASCELLI DE AZEVEDO, FERNANDO CESAR; BASTILLE-ROUSSEAU, GUILLAUME; MURRAY, DENNIS L.. Habitat selection of jaguars in a seasonally flooded landscape. Mammalian Biology, v. 101, n. 6, . (07/00976-7)

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