Habitat loss and close contact with domestic livestock may be forcing jaguars (Panthera onca) and pumas (Puma concolor) to coexist with domestic animals and prey upon them. Livestock predation by jaguars and pumas may provoke illegal hunting activities toward these feline species and therefore become one of the most important concerns regarding the conservation of large carnivores. The objective of this proposal is to investigate patterns of livestock depredation by jaguars and pumas and determine the potential factors predisposing livestock to predation by these cats in a private land in the region of Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. A representative sample of the total livestock holdings will be marked and monitored during two consecutive years to determine survival rates, predisposing factors to predation, ecological and sub-letal factors that may be influencing risk of predation. Results of this study will be used to elaborate and implement management recommendations in areas where cattle is raised in close contact with native forest, thus contributing to the conservation and survival of populations of large wild cats in the region and to minimize the impact caused by jaguars and pumas on the livestock activity in the Pantanal region.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: