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The literary representation of "mestizo" in Brazil and Goa during the 16th and 19th century

Grant number: 06/05925-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): January 03, 2007
Effective date (End): March 02, 2007
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Literature - Comparative Literature
Principal researcher:Helder Garmes
Grantee:Helder Garmes
Host: Maria de Fátima Rodrigues de Freitas Morna
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal  

Abstract

This essay aims at reflecting about the possibility of understanding the positive literary representation of “mestizo” present in the 19th and 20th century Brazilian literature as a result, or partial result, of the practice of religious syncretism which characterized the Catholic missionarism of the previous centuries. I suggest that it was the Catholic indoctrination that first legitimated the positive literary representation of “mestizo” (religious, cultural, racial, etc) in the ideas of Brazilian society and some of the Portuguese colonies. This would be the foundation of the exaltation of “mestizo” as the element of symbolic representation of the conflict of colonizer and colonized, between different races and cultures which gained strength in the 19th and 20th century a resolution that, nevertheless, never occurred in the social practice. To justify the Brazilian peculiarity, I will relate this to what happened in Goa, India, with the aim of legitimating or not the hypothesis here presented. (AU)