Advanced search
Start date

Crude Glycerin associated with starch or fiber-based energy ingredients at two levels of concentrate for beef cattle

Full text
Josiane Fonseca Lage
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Jaboticabal. 2015-01-26.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias. Jaboticabal
Defense date:
Advisor: Telma Teresinha Berchielli

This trial aimed to evaluate the effects of feeding crude glycerin (CG) - 80% glycerol - included on 10% of DM diet, associated with corn or soybean hulls (SH) in different concentrate level (CL; 40 or 60%) on digestibility, ruminal fermentation, performance, methane emission, carcass and meat quality traits of Nellore young bulls fed in feedlot. Twelve ruminally cannulated Nellore steers (401.0 ± 41.5 kg) were used in a replicated truncated Latin Square arrangement of treatments with six animals in six treatments and four periods to evaluate the ruminal fermentation. Experimental periods were 19 d (14 d for adaptation and 5 d to sampling). Diets were: CO - without CG and corn as ingredient of concentrate; CGC - inclusion of CG (10% of DM) associated with corn; and CGSH - inclusion of CG (10% of DM) associated with SH. Differences in DMI (P = 0.47), DM digestibility (P = 0.29) and NDF digestibility (P = 0.77) were not observed among the diets. The propionate concentrations (P < 0.01) and A:P ratio (P < 0.01) were affected by inclusion of CG in diets. The bacteria or protozoa species were not affected by inclusion of CG in the diets (P > 0.05). Seventy Nellore bulls with 18 months of age were used to evaluate the performance and meat quality traits. The DMI (P = 0.89) and ADG (P = 0.98) were similar among the diets. The CL and the diets had a tendency an interaction for methane emissions (g) per kg of DMI (P = 0.07). Animals fed CGC had a greater G:F (g carcass gain/kg DMI; P < 0.01). Animals fed diets with CGC or CGSH showed meat with greater deposition of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA; P < 0.01) and CLA (18:2 cis-9, trans-11) contents (P < 0.01). CG can be used to replace corn or SH in 10% of diet DM, without affect the DMI, digestibility and growth of microorganisms in the rumen. The inclusion of CG in diets associated with SH in LC diets tends to decrease the methane emission than animals fed with CGSH in HC diets. When CG is ... (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/18431-2 - Crude glycerine coming from the agribusiness of biodiesel in the diet of steers containing high or low level of starch in different ratios of roughage and concentrate
Grantee:Josiane Fonseca Lage
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate