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Author(s):
Clódis de Oliveira Andrades Filho
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Geociências
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Dilce de Fátima Rossetti; Renato Paes de Almeida; Francisco Jose Fonseca Ferreira; Claudio Limeira Mello
Advisor: Dilce de Fátima Rossetti; Francisco Hilário Rego Bezerra
Abstract

The evolutionary dynamics of continental passive margins has been the subject of discussion in the global tectonics scope and the eastern South America margin comprises a number of marginal basins containing sedimentary records of several development stages of the coastal zone after the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. Evidence of tectonic post-rift in northeastern Brazil has been identified in some areas of Precambrian basement and sedimentary basins. In these basins, it is predominant the occurrence of Neogene and Quaternary deposits on top of the sedimentary units. These deposits have extended occurrence to the southeastern and to the northern coasts of Brazil. The area that nowadays comprises the Paraíba Basin represents the last bridge connecting the South American and African plates, hence it is an essential geological site for discussion concerning the South American passive margin evolution. Thus, the present study has the general objective to establish a model of tectonic-sedimentary evolution of the Paraíba Basin from late Cretaceous to late Quaternary based on integration of surface and subsurface information. To achieve this goal, two work stages of were defined. In the first stage, it was created and applied a method that enabled mapping Neogene and Quaternary units, because the available maps of the northeastern region do not present these units separately. This method has combined airborne gamma-spectrometry and geomorphometric data, and it was validated using field data. The proposed procedures represent an innovative methodology in the branch of integrating remote sensing and geophysical research, since no work has yet quantitatively unified and applied these techniques for geological mapping. The methodology can be replicated in other areas of th e northeastern coast where Neogene and Quaternary deposits also occur. The second step corresponds to the integration of the geological map with field data, deep stratigraphic profiles and images of airborne geophysics and remote sensing, what enabled the establishment of fill stages in the Paraíba Basin. Considering the evidence of abrupt lateral contacts between Cretaceous and Cenozoic units, large changes in strata thickness over short distances, and the correlation between morphostructural, magnetic and structural data, it is possible to propose that a sequence of subsidence and uplift events were driving factors of depositional and denudational processes in this basin. These tectonic events occurred not only in the initial separation stage of the continents, they went on until well after the breakup of Pangea. The Neogene and Quaternary deposits reveal extensional and compressional deformation structures compatible with the regional N-S-oriented extension stress field. These events are probably associated to the reactivation of shear zones of the precambrian basement area during the Late Quaternary. Therefore, the Paraíba Basin presents a diverse set of evidences that the passive South America margin, at least in the northeastern region of Brazil, was affected by post-rift tectonic events incompatible with the development pattern of passive continental margins. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/09684-1 - Tectono-sedimentary analysis of the Barreiras Formation and Post-Barreiras Sediments, Paraíba Basin, Northeastern Brazil
Grantee:Clódis de Oliveira Andrades Filho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate