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Characterization of TDP-43 changes during normal aging: a human brain post-mortem study

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Author(s):
Camila Fernandes Nascimento
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Lea Tenenholz Grinberg; Jackson Cioni Bittencourt; Helmut Manfred Heinsen; Wilson Jacob Filho
Advisor: Lea Tenenholz Grinberg
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Transactive DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is the major abnormal aggregate present in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) and Amyotrophic Lateral Slcerosis (ALS). Although all the efforts in research in this field, the role played by TDP-43 in normal aging is still unknown. The lack of normal controls in studies focusing on clinicopathological associations is a result of the high cost of autopsy practice worldwide. In Brazil, autopsy is mandatory by law in cases without a certificate. The Brain Bank of the Brazilian Aging Study Group (BBBASG) comprises a large number of cognitively normal elderly subjects highly ethnically admixtured and with broad education attainment. This allow us to further study the non-pathological process of the human aging brain. GOALS: (1) sistematically investigate the distrubution of neuropathological findings of TDP-43 in the normal human brain; (2) characterize the distribution of theses findings in different brain regions; (3) explore clinical, sociodemographics or neuropathological variables that could be associated with TDP-43 inclusion outcome. METHODS: We included participants over 50 years old previously classified cognitively and neuropathologically as normals. Imunnohistochemistry against abnormal form of TDP-43 was performed in three brain regions: temporal cortex, hippocampal formation and amygdala. RESULTS: TDP-43 aggregates were present in 10,5% of the study subjects (n=323). Amygdala was the most frequently affected brain region (85.3% of the cases). TDP-43 accumulation was associated with age at death and race (p=0.002). Logistic regression analysis showed that asians older adults have higher odds of presenting TDP-43 inclusions than caucasians, regardless of gender, age, Braak stage for neurofibrilarly tangles and education attainment (OD=3.5, CI: 1.41-8.69, p=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that TDP-43 abnormal accumulation increases along aging process and the amygdala is the brain region most susceptible to these alterations. Because we studied cognitively normal elderlies, we suggest that Asians older adults are protected against deleterious effects of TDP-43 in the brain. Future clinicopathological and genetic studies in populations dwelling in different ethnical backgrounds may identify possible protecting factors against the clinical expression of TDP-43 neuropathological findings (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/19833-7 - Characterization of TDP-43 changes during normal aging: a postmortem study
Grantee:Camila Nascimento Mantelli
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate