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Author(s):
Renato Bezner Martinez
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Geociências
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Renato de Moraes; Carla Cristine Porcher; Gergely Andres Julio Szabo
Advisor: Renato de Moraes
Abstract

The aim of the present work is to investigate and determine P-T conditions of high pressures metamorphic rocks at granulite facies, using a variety of geothermobarometric methods. There were used conventional thermobarometry with thermometers: garnet-clinopyroxene and garnet-orthopyroxene; and barometers: garnet-clinopyroxene-plagioclase, garnet-clinopyroxene-orthopyroxene-plagioclase and garnet-orthopyroxene-plagioclase; optimized methods as THERMOCALC, and a method that with corrections in orthopyroxene and garnet compositions try to re-calculate P-T conditions of metamorphic peak; pseudosections; and methods that use trace elements in mineral compositions, such as Zr in rutile and Ti in quartz. For this study rocks of Três Pontas-Varginha and Socorro-Guaxupé nappes were chosen, which are part of southern portion of the Brasília Orogen. In the first unit, there are high-pressure granulites of pelitic composition, mafic and calc-silicate rocks. Two sets of high-pressure granulites were analyzed, one is represented by rutile-kyanite-garnet granulite samples, with abundant quartz and potassium feldspar, and the other is a calc-silicate rock with clinopyroxene, garnet, sphene, quartz, rare plagioclase and retrograde hornblende. The Socorro-Guaxupé nappe felsic granulite consists of garnet, two feldspars, quartz, ortho- and clinopyroxene and ilmenite, with retrograde hornblende and biotite. Leucosome is present in all rocks, indicating that those underwent some degree of partial melting. For the rutile-kyanite-garnet granulite of Três Pontas-Varginha nappe, metamorphic peak conditions were calculated with Zr-rutile and Ti-quartz pair and pseudosections, resulting in ~ 850 ° C at 15 kbar with genaration of at least 25% of melt. Conventional geothermobarometers based on garnet, clinopyroxene and plagioclase, present compatible results of 850 ° C and pressures between 14 and 16 kbar. For the felsic granulite of the Socorro-Guaxupé nappe, conventional geothermobarometry and THERMOCALC provide ultra-high temperature conditions for the metamorphic peak, with 950 ° C and 11-13 kbar. A method based on mineral compositions recalculation did not produced good results, with lower final P-T conditions. The results of this work indicate that Três Pontas-Varginha nappe was metamorphosed under eclogite facies conditions and was thrusted by hotter basal granulites of the Socorro-Guaxupé nappe. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/23665-5 - Evaluation of methods for thermobarometry and P-T conditions inference for granulite facies rocks
Grantee:Renato Bezner Martinez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master