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Kinetics ICUMSA color reduction in juice sugarcane by ozonation reactor in RPA/CSTR to produce sulfur-free white sugar

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Author(s):
Corrêa Nathalia Torres
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Claudio Lima de Aguiar; Antonio Sampaio Baptista
Advisor: Claudio Lima de Aguiar
Abstract

Clarification of the sugarcane juice is one of the most important steps within the entire sugar production process, so why is the color of the final sugar that determines its trading price in the market as well as its quality. However, besides having a color reduction process, which ultimately makes a quality sugar, it is necessary that this process does not generate waste or to the environment, and no toxic residues are present in the final product and that may harm consumer health. Thus, the search for alternative processes to sulfite - which is the current operating clarification of sugarcane juice in white crystal sugar production - has become more frequent. Such processes are known as advanced oxidation processes (AOP), and among them is the use of ozone. In this scenario evaluated the best conditions of pH, temperature and ozone dosing for reducing ICUMSA color of sugarcane juice, optimal conditions for obtaining such pH between 1.64 to 5.0, temperatures from 50 at 70 °C and ozone O3 dosages between 1.34 mg/min to 3.82 mg O3/min. The kinetic study of the reduction of ICUMSA color of sugarcane juice ozonized allowed to observe greater reductions ICUMSA color after 60 min of reaction, however the exposure of the juice long periods at low pH (1.64 and 3.0) associated with high temperatures (50 to 70 °C) led to hydrolysis of sucrose to glucose and fructose, which would make the process. Analysis by mass spectrometry allowed to observe that the reduction in ICUMSA color content of sugarcane ozonated juice samples not associated with the elimination of promoting particles color, but the precipitation of these particles, since they were not novel compounds identified in the samples, but a variation in concentration of these compounds, identified as lipids. In addition to further reduce the ICUMSA color of juice, ozone is also presented as an antimicrobial agent, reducing the presence of bacteria and fungi on the treated juice samples. The analysis on artificial neural networks (ANN) showed good fit in most cases presented and indicated that the variable Brix%juice showed greater influence in reducing ICUMSA color and time the variable that had the least influence. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/03295-4 - Kinetics of reduction of ICUMSA color of sugarcane juice by ozonation in reactor RPA/CSTR to produce sulfur-free of white sugar
Grantee:Nathália Torres Corrêa Magri
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master