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The role of HPV-associated tumor metabolism on human macrophage phenotype.

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Author(s):
Simone Cardozo Stone
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Ana Paula Lepique; Luciana Nogueira de Sousa Andrade; Bruna Cunha de Alencar Bargieri; Vanessa Morais Freitas; Sandra Coccuzzo Sampaio Vessoni
Advisor: Ana Paula Lepique
Abstract

The lactate, product of the altered metabolism of tumor cells, is associated with the induction of a suppressor phenotype in immune cells. Macrophages are one of the major cells of the tumor microenvironment, and are pro-tumor in cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lactate in the phenotype of macrophages associated with tumor cells derived from cervical cancer. HPV positive and negative cell lines were used for formation of tumor spheroids, which received healthy donor monocytes to differentiate into macrophages. Macrophages cultivated with HPV positive tumor cell lines presented a mixed and pro-tumor phenotype, while macrophages cultivated with the HPV negative cell line, a more anti-tumor phenotype. Inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase in the tumor cells promoted different effects on macrophages phenotype, depending on the cell type that they were associated. These changes decreased the pro-tumor property of macrophages, which were able to induced T cell proliferation and tumor cell death. (AU)