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Exile in Portuguese: politics and experience of Brazilians in Portugal (1974-1982)

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Rodrigo Pezzonia
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Francisco Carlos Palomanes Martinho; Denise Rollemberg Cruz; Marcos Francisco Napolitano de Eugênio; Américo Oscar Guichard Freire; Marcelo Siqueira Ridenti
Advisor: Francisco Carlos Palomanes Martinho

The year of 1974 was of changes for both Portugal and Brazil. On April 25, Portugal, by means of a coup d\'état carried out by left-wing militaries, broke away from a dictatorship that almost reached the fiftieth anniversary, experiencing the euphoria of a revolutionary process which put in the agenda the hope of the Portuguese people to leave the state of repression, colonial war and silence. However, in that very same April, Brazil had already completed its tenth anniversary under the auspices of a military dictatorial regime, and at that moment it altered the main actor of the executive power who, very timidly, indicated the possibility of a dusk for the right-wing military regime, starting a new plan that would promote a \"slow, gradual and safe opening.\" For the Brazilian oppositions, both facts were extremely relevant: on the one hand, the opposition that still remained in Brazil pointed out, hopefully, even in a subtle and suspicious way, the prospect of new directions for national political life. On the other hand, the Carnation Revolution acquired, for those living abroad, expectations of new experiences in a revolutionary environment they had not been able to reach on the other side of the ocean. In this thesis, it is this second group that will be focused, that is, the Brazilians who have made Portugal their host country from that April 1974. Unmistakably, there will be room for institutional relations between the Portuguese and Brazilian governments, which will serve as a backdrop for this work, where their ideological differences and common interests will be highlighted. But our objective with this text is to deal with the political experiences between Brazilian militants exiled together with the Portuguese, but without neglecting human relations between individuals who had a common history, language, and culture. We have identified Portugal as one of the fertile grounds for the debates of the organizations in exile, especially as regards the reaffirmation or abandonment of positions for the maintenance of the revolutionary model of struggle, as well as for the discussions regarding the party restructuring and accommodation in what would come after the comeback. In this way, the purpose of the present work is to study the trajectories, ruptures, continuations and influences of this phenomenon for Brazilians and Brazil in the transition process. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/06638-7 - Exile and return: the Brazilian transition between Europe and Brazil (1974-1988)
Grantee:Rodrigo Pezzonia
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate