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Isolation and identification of bioactive compounds of geopropolis (Melipona scutellaris) bioguided by the antimicrobial effect

Laila Facin de Paula Eduardo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Masaharu Ikegaki; Bruno Bueno Silva
Advisor: Pedro Luiz Rosalen

Natural products have been demonstrated a promising source to discover new bioactive compounds. Among then, the propolis collected by Apis mellifera bees has biological activity described in the literature as anticairies, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, besides other activities. However, most of the studies on propolis refer to those collected by A. mellifera and little is known about others as geopropolis, which is collected by stingless bees of the genus Melipona. In recent studies, geopropolis presented promising antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities, but these studies have not revealed which is (are) the substance(s) responsible(s) for such biological activities, especially against the cariogenic oral biofilms. Therefore, the objective of this study was to isolate and identify the active compound from Melipona scutellaris geopropolis, which has activity against the biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans. This goal was achieved by the following methodologies: 1- bioassay-guided fractionation of the goeporpolis ethanolic extract (EEGP); 2- isolation and identification of the active compound; 3- anticarie potential assessment of the active compound using an in vitro model of inhibition of the oral mono-species biofilm. As result of the bioassay-guided fractionation, the poliprenil benzophenone compound named nemorosone (C33H42O4, MW=502 g/mol) was isolated and identified. The nemorosone¿s minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 6.25 ¿ 12.5 ?g/mL and the concentration of 100 ?g/mL was capable to inhibit by 95% the adherence of S. mutans¿s biofilm formed in U-bottom microtiter plates. In biofilm formed in hydroxyapatite disks, the nemorosone concentration of 250 ?g/mL (0.5 mM) reduced 65% of the dry weight, more than 70% of the polysaccharides and 48% of the protein content. In addition, it reduced the bacterial viability when compared to negative control (vehicle, p<0.05). These results did not differ statistically from chlorhexidine 0.12% (1.33 mM) (p> 0.05). Therefore, the conclusion is that nemorosone is the active compound isolated and identified from geopropolis with antibiofilm activity that is able to alter the biochemical composition of the S. mutans biofilm matrix, it makes this chemical compound promising to oral biofilm control. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/16501-3 - Isolation and identification of bioactive compounds from geopropolis (Melipona scutellaris) bioguided by antimicrobial activity in dental biofilms
Grantee:Laila Facin de Paula Eduardo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master