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Prospection of biosurfactant from mangrove macrobiota

Author(s):
Daniela Ferreira Domingos
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Instituto de Biologia
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Fernando Dini Andreote; Welington Luiz de Araújo; Renato Vicentini dos Santos; Marta Cristina Teixeira Duarte
Advisor: Valéria Maia Merzel
Abstract

Mangrove is an environment rich in microbial diversity, but little has been reported about it in Brazil, making the knowledge and exploitation of new microorganisms in mangroves an imperative issue. The prospection of microbial diversity in underexplored environments, such as mangroves, increses possibility of success in looking for new bioactive molecules, contributing to a more sustentable economy and environment. Although the cultivation techniques have been improved, allowing an increased number of yet uncultivated microorganisms to be able recuperated in vitro, our knowledge about their ecology is still insufficient to cultivate the majority of them. Therefore, the metagenomic library have emerged as a powerful tool to more widely access the overall microbial diversity in an environment, enabling the functional analyses of genes and the discovery of new bioactive compounds, mainly uncultured-microorganisms. The aim of the current work was the prospection of biosurfactant from mangrove microbiota through a polifasica approach. For the independent-cultivation approach, a metagenomic library of high molecular weight was constructed from mangrove sediment contaminated with oil. The clones were subjected to functional and molecular screening to identify biosurfactant activity. Three clones with the potential to procuce biosurfactant were selected, and the fosmid sequencing for genetic chatacterization of the insert was carried out. Although the clones showed the ability to reduce the surface tension, genes that may involved in biosurfactant synthesis were not identified. The results showed that using the functional metagenomic to explore metabolic pathways of microbial communities can have great limitation when in the prospection of biosurctants when the operon are larger then 30-40 kb and the genome of wild bacteria contains sparse regulation elements. For the dependent-cultivation approach, two strains that produce biosurfactant were selected: Bacillus safensis CCMA-560 and Gordonia sp. CCMA-559. They were isolated and tested in previous study. The biosurfactant production was opmized through the Placktt-Burman design and the Central Composite Design. The pumilacidin produced by B. safensis CCMA-560 was chemically characterized, and the metabolic pathway that is responsible for its production was genetically characterized. This work was the first report the physiologic, genetic, and chemical analysis on the biosurfactant production by the B. safensis strain. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/15519-3 - Prospecting of biosurfactants from microbiota of mangroves
Grantee:Daniela Ferreira Domingos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate