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Pharmacological inhibition of insulin receptor substrates in myeloproliferative neoplasm JAK2V617F

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Bruna Alves Fenerich
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Fabíola Traina; Kelen Cristina Ribeiro Malmegrim de Farias; Daniella Marcia Bahia Kerbauy; Fernanda Maris Peria
Advisor: Fabíola Traina

The recurrent V617F mutation in JAK2 is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of BCR-ABL1 negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Absence of complete clinical response to ruxolitinib, a JAK1/2 inhibitor, highlights the need for targeting other signaling pathways that contribute to JAK2. Recent data indicate that IGF1R/IRS is a potential target in MPN: (i) insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2) cooperates to malignant transformation induced by JAK2V617F, (ii) IGF1R signaling upregulation induces MNP phenotype. NT157 is a synthetic compound designed as IRS1/2 inhibitor and was able to induce anti-neoplastic effects in solid tumors. We, herein, aimed to characterize the molecular and cellular effects of NT157 treatment, combined or not with ruxolitinib, in MPN JAK2V617F. HEL and SET2 JAK2V617F cells were treated or not with vehicle, NT157 and/or ruxolitinib and submitted to evaluation of cell viability assay, apoptosis, proliferation, clonogenicity, cell cycle, gene expression and protein expression/activation. Primary cells from polycythemia vera (PV) patients (n=3) were exposed to NT157 treatment and evaluated for erythropoietin-independent colony formation. NT157 effects in vivo were evaluated in a xenograft model of leukemogenesis induced by HEL cells in NSG mice. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA or Student\'s t test. In MPN cell lines, NT157 treatment significantly decreased cell viability, clonogenicity and cell proliferation, increased apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in G2/M (all p<0.05). NT157 exposure resulted in inhibition of STAT3, STAT5 and ERK phosphorylation. NT157 also modulated the expression of 23 oncogenes (CCND1, MYB and WT1) and suppressor tumor genes (CDKN1A, FOS and JUN) in HEL cells (p?0.05). In both cell lines, the combined treatment, NT157 plus ruxolitinib, did not potentiate the effects of monotherapies. In primary cells from polycythemia vera patients, NT157 exposition reduced spontaneous erythroid colony formation (all p<0.05). In vivo treatment with vehicle or NT157 (70mg/kg intraperitoneal), three times a week, showed no antineoplastic effects in NSG mice transplanted with HEL cells (n = 5 for each group). In summary, the IRS1/2 pharmacological inhibitor NT157 displayed remarkable antineoplastic effects in JAK2V617F cells lines and MPN primary cells. The combined treatment of NT157 plus ruxolitinib did not present potentializing effects when compared to the monotherapy. The results of in vivo treatment using a xenograft model highlight the need for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies for the NT157 compound. The molecular effects identified allowed a better understanding about the mechanisms of NT157 action in MPNs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/09324-9 - Investigation of the effect of combined treatment with pharmacological inhibitors of JAK2 and IRS2 or mTOR in JAK2 V617F cells
Grantee:Bruna Alves Fenerich
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master