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Pluridimensional linguistic atlas of the Portuguese spoken in the Brazilian state of São Paulo: semantic-lexical and phonetic-phonological levels of the vernacular in Médio Tietê region

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Figueiredo Junior, Selmo Ribeiro
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo. 2019-07-12.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Almeida, Manoel Mourivaldo Santiago (Presidente); Aguilera, Vanderci de Andrade; Pagotto, Emilio Gozze; Philippsen, Neusa Ines; Thun, Harald
Advisor: Almeida, Manoel Mourivaldo Santiago
Field of knowledge: Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Linguistics
Indexed in: Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações - USP

Following the theoretical and methodological background of the Pluridimensional Dialectology (RADTKE & THUN, 1996; THUN, 2000, 2005, among others), this doctoral thesis presents mainly a pluridimensional linguistic atlas of the Portuguese spoken in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, also known as \"Caipira\" dialect. The linguistic levels approached are both semantic-lexical and phonetic-phonological. This study also makes methodological contributions to data collection process, to corpora structuring, and to development of pluridimensional atlases. Regarding the analyses, the archiphoneme /R/\'s phonetic counterparts were investigated in four different syllable codas: (i) final of infinitive ending (IE) followed by a break; (ii) final in stressed syllable (but not of IE) followed by a break; (iii) medial in stressed syllable; and (iv) medial in unstressed syllable. Concerning case (i), a specific hypothesis was tested out, namely: young individuals aged 18 to 36 from the Médio Tietê region (esp. those with high education, HE) articulate the variant [ ɻ ] (voiced retroflex approximant, also known as \"Caipira-R\") for the /R/ in case (i) under a relative frequency that is lower than the one to be observed among elders from 55 years of age (esp. those with low education, LE). Surprisingly, it turned out that younger ones speak [ ɻ ] more than older ones do. The relative frequency of [ ɻ ] put in perspective with its covariants was 57% among HE young individuals and 62% among LE ones (against 45% among HE elders and 30% among LE ones). Data from 80 local speakers were collected in some of the São Paulo State\'s oldest inland cities: Santana de Parnaíba, Pirapora do Bom Jesus, Araçariguama, São Roque, Sorocaba, Itu, Porto Feliz, Tietê, Capivari, and Piracicaba. For the data collection, methodological instruments made by \"Atlas Linguístico do Brasil\" (ALiB, 2014) were applied after modifications. Thus, a set of corpora was produced: semanticlexical ones, phonetic-phonological ones, a metalinguistic-ethnographic one, and extralinguistic ones. They constitute the database for the elaboration of the atlas, which encompasses in addition to the diatopic dimension inherent in this cartographic and geolinguistic undertaking diastratic, diagender-specific, and diagenerational dimensions. From a both theoretical and methodological perspective, another contribution of this work lies in the development of a series of procedures whose main goal is to obtain the informants\' certitude about answers in the semantic-lexical interview that is derived from the three-step technique created by Dr. Thun (ADDU, 2000). This research was only possible thanks to \"Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo\" FAPESP (process numbers 2015/14038-5 and 2011/51787-5), German Academic Exchange Service DAAD (funding program number 57214225), and \"Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior\" CAPES (process number 0128-16-3 / 99999.000128/2016- 03). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/51787-5 - Project for the History of Paulista Brazilian Portuguese
Grantee:Manoel Mourivaldo Santiago Almeida
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/14038-5 - Partial linguistic atlas of médio Tietê
Grantee:Selmo Ribeiro Figueiredo Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate