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School and violence: configurations of school violence according to students, teachers, and residents of the community

Domingos, Basílio
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo. [2005]. 356 f.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Psicologia
Defense date:
Advisor: Maluf, Maria Regina
Field of knowledge: Humanities - Psychology
Indexed in: Banco de Dados Bibliográficos da USP-DEDALUS; Index Psi Teses - IP/USPPsi-Teses Logo
Location: Universidade de São Paulo. Biblioteca do Instituto de Psicologia; LB3013.3; D671e

This is an ethnographic study carried out at a public school in a poor neighborhood on the margins of Sao Paulo city. It examines concrete forms of violence at the school and environs and its representation by those most closely related, principally students, teachers, parents, and also seeks to understand the causes and forms of this violence, as well as the ways it is expressed within the school, its impact on participants, and the strategies adopted to confront it. Thesis applies diverse terms and concepts for school violence, translating the complexity of the phenomenon and explain its dimensions through multidisciplinary theoretical conceptualizations. As modes of violence, acts of school violence are categorized for analysis as physical, non-physical (verbal and non-verbal), and characterized as social-psychological, institutional and as abuses against the school itself as well as related local property damage. The findings are based on a research methodology that include the analysis of questionnaires, individual and group interviews, observation, and school documents. The research reveals the complexity of causation that manifests in violence and identifies institutional factors, especially the crisis of the school system, as preponderant agents in the formation of school violence. A solution for the problem of school violence rests in rescuing the school itself as democratic and humanistic institutions, re-inserted in the community as centers for the articulation of a social network of protection for children and adolescents. (AU)