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Self-acceptance acale for people with congenital or early blindness : development and psychometric analysis

Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Educação Física
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Eder Pires de Camargo; Angela Nogueira Neves Betanho Campana; Dirceu da Silva; Gustavo Luis Gutierrez
Advisor: Maria da Consolação Gomes Cunha Fernandes Tavares

Self-acceptance is the acceptance of oneself, as the person is, through the recognition of its own positive and negative characteristics and the valorization of those characteristics considered as positive. This construct is considered as a central psychological characteristic for the positive body image, and therefore, an important element for the integrate personality development. Although its importance, there is a theoretical lack of knowledge about the self-acceptance of persons with congenital or early blindness, which could be related with scarcity of psychometric sound scales to investigate this issue. The aim of this research was amplify the possibilities of self-acceptance evaluation in persons with congenital or early blindness, with the development and psychometric analysis of a specific scale, called "Self-acceptance Scale for people with congenital or early blindness" (SAS). Three studies were made in this research to achieve our aims. In study 1, 33 initial items were generated for SAS, organized in four theoretical distinct factors - "body appreciation", "body care", "and self-protection from social stigmas", "feeling oneself capable". Item generation was based in specialized theoretical information form literature review and information collected from two focus groups, realized with 11 adults with congenital or early blindness. In study 2, nine experts and 22 participants with congenital or early blindness evaluated the content of SAS. The resulted point for the exclusion of 7 items, an inclusion of an additional item, and the review and reformulation of 22 items, which determined the content validity of SAS. In study 3, the psychometric parameters of SAS were evaluated. The samples were composed by 318 participants with congenital or early blindness. Confirmatory factor analyses were used as main statistic method for data analysis. The scale final version was composed by 18 items, distributed in 3 factors - "body acceptance", "self-protection from social stigmas", "felling and believing in oneself capacities", showing adequate evidences of concurrent and discriminant validity and internal reliability. We hope that SAS could possibility o development of future researches focused in investigate self-acceptance in persons that are not able to see since early ages, contributing both for the consistent growth of the knowledge in this area and the consistent inclusion of this group in body image research. (AU)