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Biochemical characterization and study of the pharmacological activity in the junction neuromuscular of an isolated miotoxina from the Bothriopsis bilineata venom

Author(s):
Victor Corasolla Carregari
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Biologia
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marcelo Lancellotti; Celene Fernandes Bernardes
Advisor: Sérgio Marangoni
Abstract

In this present work we described the purification and functional characterization of a new neurotoxic PLA2, named BbilTX-I from Bothriopsis bilineata snake venom. This protein was by the combination of two chromatographic steps, Molecular Exclusion on a Sephadex lunm and Reverse Phase HPLC (RP-HPLC) on a C18 ?-Bondapack (Waters) column. BbilTX-I is a monomeric PLA2-D49 showing high purity degree in SDS-PAGE in both reducing and non-reducing conditions. The purity of the toxin was confirmed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and shows a molecular mass of 14185.48 Da. BbilTX-I posses a high catalytic activity upon 4-nitro-3-(octanoiloxi) benzóic acid as a substrate compare with other bothropic PLA2. The optimal temperature and pH for BbilTX-I activity was determinate between 25-37 °C and around 8, respectively. This PLA2 is Ca+2 dependent but others divalent ions significatively reduce its catalytic activity, when pre­incubated with the protein. Also were tested the effects of fraction F3, crotapotin from Crotalus durrisous cascavela, and anti-hemorrhagic factor DA2-Il from Didelphis albiventris opossum sera under optimal conditions; both fraction showed an inhibitory effect over the BbilTX-I catalytic activity. At different concentrations of the substrate this monomeric PLA2 show an allosteric behavior suggesting a positive cooperative mnemonical enzyme mechanism in the catalysis. BbilTX-I showed an inhibitor effect on neuromuscular nerve transmissions on the isolated muscle biventer cervicis. At doses at 10, 20, 30 and 50 g/ml it elicited a blockade of 50% of 20, 30, 22 and 20 minutes, respectively. The effect displayed by BbilTX-I did not with the responses evoked by the addition of KCl (cell membrane damage) and (Ach functionality of cholinergic receptors), thus, we can argue that BbliTX-I is a pre-synaptic neurotoxin impairing the Ach liberation. BbilTX-I shows itself as an edematogenic PLA2 when injected in the mouse right footpad, it elicited a 70% higher than of edema when compare with the control. The edemetogenic activity of this PAL2 is related to its catalytic activity since both are inhibited by F3 crotapotin and DA2-II, 64 and 57% respectively. The reproducibility of biological activity, through the pharmacologic effects, only is possible by the use of chemically homogeneous fractions that hold biological function integrity. This fraction was obtain with high efficiency methodologies like HPLC, mass spectrometry, this result can be associated with the biological activity, disregarding the subjectivity caused by the venom or by impure fractions. This kind of methodologies can be applied to biochemical, structure and function, logical and pharmacological studies, which can reveal unknown mechanism in the function-structure relationship of snake venom PLA2. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/04127-0 - Biochemical characterization and study of the pharmacological activi in the junction neuromuscular of an isolated miotoxina from the Bothriopsis bilineata venom
Grantee:Victor Corasolla Carregari
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master