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Politics, techno-economic acceleration and patents : technological upcoming developments

Anderson Marcos dos Santos
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
José Antônio Peres Gediel; Carlos Frederico Marés de Souza Filho; Juri Castelfranchi; Pedro Peixoto Ferreira
Advisor: Laymert Garcia dos Santos

This dissertation discusses the social effects of the legal regulation of patents on human biologico-informational elements in view of three aspects: the change in the social role of Law; the political decision regarding technological options; the delineation of a new concept of human. It starts with the analysis of acceleration as a central temporality experience and as a transversal phenomenon that passes through the modern project and the modernization process. Acceleration reaches its critical point with the cybernetic upturn, derived from the shift that it provokes in the operating logic of technique as it allows full access to instrumental control thanks to the informational reciprocity that suffuses inert matter, living beings, and the technical object; and as it allows rearrangement in the alliance established among capital, science, and technology that places technoscience as the driver of kind of accumulation that intends to seize the whole existing world, including the human, as raw-material available to techno-economic labor. Premised on techno-economic acceleration, this paper goes over the historical construction of the international patent system and the rearrangements in patentability requisites made to adjust them to the rhythm and demand of such acceleration. It also discusses the formulation of legal discourse and practice to fit the human biologic-informational elements into the patent system, before problematizing the risks to technological upcoming developments, operated by the blockage of modulation and information recombination, as well as the reconfiguration of the concept of human that Law is helping to build. Lastly, the paper analyses how Law operates politically, even when outside the parameters of classic sovereign power, as it takes on a stance before the human-machine relationship, reducing this relationship to the dictates of techno-economic acceleration; and how Law is changing its social role by abandoning its standardizing intent to assume the role of social relationships regulator. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/00487-3 - Social effects of biotechnology law regulation in Brazil: law as a means of new technologies depoliticization
Grantee:Anderson Marcos dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate