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Biological and mechanical properties of a glass ionomer cement with chorhexidine or doxycycline

Author(s):
Aline Rogéria Freire de Castilho
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Ana Flávia Sanches Borges; Eliana Rodrigues; Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião; Ramiro Mendonça Murata
Advisor: Regina Maria Puppin-Rontani
Abstract

Partial caries removal approaches are indicated to the management of deep caries. It consists of the incomplete removal of softened carious dentine during cavity preparation, leaving a soft dentine layer over the pulp, so that it is not mechanically exposed. However, some viable cariogenic bacteria have been found in the remaining affected dentine, which may promote caries lesion progression. Therefore, studies aimed to improve inhibitory effect of the restorative materials, without cytotoxic effects on odontoblast cells and able to keep properties of material could be an alternative to the treatment of deep caries lesions. Nevertheless, the disposal-marketed products do not associate all those features. In order to facilitate the accomplishment of this Thesis, it was divided into two chapters, as described on the following descriptions. Chapter 1: to evaluate in vitro biological properties (antibacterial effect against Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Actinomyces viscosus, and cytotoxicity at odontoblast cell line MDPC-23) and mechanical properties (compressive strength and diametral tensile strength) of a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lining LC) containing different concentrations of chlorhexidine digluconate (0.2%, 0.5%, 1.5% and 2.5%) and, thus to determine the therapeutic concentration of it for using in restorative dental treatment. Chapter 2: to verify in vitro the performance of a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lining LC) containing the antibiotic doxycycline hyclate at 1.5%, 3% and 4.5% against some cariogenic pathogens (Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Actinomyces viscosus); to analyze it indirect contact with odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells; and, to reveal the mechanical properties under compressive strength and diametral tensile strength. Results of both studies proved that the incorporation of antimicrobials at adequate proportions into the glass ionomer cement have the ability to become better inhibitory effects of the cement against cariogenic bacteria. The 2.5% chlorhexidine digluconate added to glass ionomer cement promoted slight alteration on the mebolism and morfology of MDPC-23 cells. The incorporation of doxycycline hyclate to glass ionomer cement, even in the highest concentration, did not cause toxic effects on culture of odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells. In addition, 2.5% chlorhexidine digluconate-containing glass ionomer cement decreased the compressive strength of cement, although there was no difference to diametral tensile strength. The adding of doxycycline hyclate did not alter mechanical properties of cement. It was concluded that doxycycline hyclate and chlorhexidine digluconate in the studied concentrations produced increased antimicrobial activity without cytotoxic effects and changes in mechanical properties of the mixture, except for the 1.25% chlorhexidine digluconate that presented the lowest compressive strength and alterations on metabolism and morphology of pulp cells. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/00359-0 - Evaluation of biological and physico-mechanical properties of glass ionomer cements associated to chlorhexidine or doxycycline as liner material in procedures of partial caries removal
Grantee:Aline Rogéria Freire de Castilho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate