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Development of nylon-6 in experimental polymerization unit for application in rapid prototyping using CO2 laser

Author(s):
Maria Carolina Burgos Costa
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Química
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Reinaldo Giudici; Valdir Apolinario de Freitas; Cecilia Amelia de Carvalho Zavaglia; Liliane Maria Ferrareso Lona
Advisor: Rubens Maciel Filho
Abstract

A main characteristic in the design of polymerization experimental unit is to take into consideration economic aspects already in initials stages of conceptual synthesis of the process. The economic potential of the process has to be analyzed in order to take decisions about possible alternatives so that it is possible to classify by its potential performance the options which should remain for further studies in advanced stages of process conceptual design. This research has as main objective the design, implementation and operation of an experimental polymerization unit for development of Nylon-6 especially focused for new applications as a engineer plastic - in special on its application on processes of rapid prototyping using CO2 laser. Specifically, the examined process is the hydrolytic polymerization of Nylon-6 (from e-caprolactam monomer) in a batch reactor. A search was carried out to define the process operational conditions taking into account all the reaction steps. The efforts on process modeling and simulation include the necessary paths to the model development, involving kinetic equations of polymerization reaction and the mass and energy balances. The developed model is useful to optimize the experimental reactor performance and, then, investigate several possible operational alternatives, bearing in mind the objective of establish better economic solutions for the process, whereas keeping the desired properties (AU)