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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

From Blue Light to Clock Genes in Zebrafish ZEM-2S Cells

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Ramos, Bruno C. R. [1] ; Moraes, Maria Nathalia C. M. [1] ; Poletini, Maristela O. [1, 2] ; Lima, Leonardo H. R. G. [1] ; Castrucci, Ana Maria L. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol, Inst Biosci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Biol Sci, Dept Physiol, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 9 SEP 3 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 18

Melanopsin has been implicated in the mammalian photoentrainment by blue light. This photopigment, which maximally absorbs light at wavelengths between 470 and 480 nm depending on the species, is found in the retina of all classes of vertebrates so far studied. In mammals, melanopsin activation triggers a signaling pathway which resets the circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Unlike mammals, Drosophila melanogaster and Danio rerio do not rely only on their eyes to perceive light, in fact their whole body may be capable of detecting light and entraining their circadian clock. Melanopsin, teleost multiple tissue (tmt) opsin and others such as neuropsin and va-opsin, are found in the peripheral tissues of Danio rerio, however, there are limited data concerning the photopigment/s or the signaling pathway/s directly involved in light detection. Here, we demonstrate that melanopsin is a strong candidate to mediate synchronization of zebrafish cells. The deduced amino acid sequence of melanopsin, although being a vertebrate opsin, is more similar to invertebrate than vertebrate photopigments, and melanopsin photostimulation triggers the phosphoinositide pathway through activation of a G(q/11)-type G protein. We stimulated cultured ZEM-2S cells with blue light at wavelengths consistent with melanopsin maximal absorption, and evaluated the time course expression of per1b, cry1b, per2 and cry1a. Using quantitative PCR, we showed that blue light is capable of slightly modulating per1b and cry1b genes, and drastically increasing per2 and cry1a expression. Pharmacological assays indicated that per2 and cry1a responses to blue light are evoked through the activation of the phosphoinositide pathway, which crosstalks with nitric oxide (NO) and mitogen activated protein MAP kinase (MAPK) to activate the clock genes. Our results suggest that melanopsin may be important in mediating the photoresponse in Danio rerio ZEM-2S cells, and provide new insights about the modulation of clock genes in peripheral clocks. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/23930-8 - Melanopsins in non-mammalian vertebrates: function and signaling pathway
Grantee:Leonardo Henrique Ribeiro Graciani de Lima
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor