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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Molecular and Morphological Evidence Reveals a New Species in the Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis Group (Hylidae, Phyllomedusinae) from the Atlantic Forest of the Highlands of Southern Brazil

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Bruschi, Daniel P. [1] ; Lucas, Elaine M. [2] ; Garcia, Paulo C. A. [3] ; Recco-Pimentel, Shirlei M. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Estrutural & Func, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Comunitaria Regiao Chapeco UNOCHAPECO, Area Ciencias Exatas & Ambientais Mestrado Cienci, Chapeco, SC - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Zool, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 8 AUG 20 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 9

The taxonomic status of a disjunctive population of Phyllomedusa from southern Brazil was diagnosed using molecular, chromosomal, and morphological approaches, which resulted in the recognition of a new species of the P. hypochondrialis group. Here, we describe P. rustica sp. n. from the Atlantic Forest biome, found in natural highland grassland formations on a plateau in the south of Brazil. Phylogenetic inferences placed P. rustica sp. n. in a subclade that includes P. rhodei + all the highland species of the clade. Chromosomal morphology is conservative, supporting the inference of homologies among the karyotypes of the species of this genus. Phyllomedusa rustica is apparently restricted to its type-locality, and we discuss the potential impact on the strategies applied to the conservation of the natural grassland formations found within the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biome in southern Brazil. We suggest that conservation strategies should be modified to guarantee the preservation of this species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/17464-1 - Classical and molecular cytogenetic and mitochondrial DNA analysis in the genus Phyllomedusa (Anura, Hylidae)
Grantee:Daniel Pacheco Bruschi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/11300-7 - Chromosomal and DNA sequencing studies in anurans
Grantee:Shirlei Maria Recco-Pimentel
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants