Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) peel increases colonic production of short-chain fatty acids in Wistar rats

Full text
da Silva, Juliana Kelly [1] ; Betim Cazarin, Cinthia Bau [1] ; Bogusz Junior, Stanislau [2] ; Augusto, Fabio [3] ; Marostica Junior, Mario Roberto [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Food Engn, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Jequitinhonha & Mucuri UFVJM, Inst Sci & Technol, BR-39100000 Diamantina, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, INCTBio, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; v. 59, n. 2, 2, SI, p. 1252-1257, DEC 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 12

Passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) peel, a waste from food industrial processing, is still little explored. It contains fibers, including soluble fibers, which may be a substrate for enteric bacteria and contribute to maintaining bowel health. The purpose of this work was to investigate the action of P. edulis peel in the microbiota, production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and antioxidant potential in the colon of Wistar rats. Seventy-seven-day-old male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: Peel and Control (n = 4). Both groups were fed with standard diet (AIN-93M); however, 50% of the cellulose content in the Peel group diet was replaced by fiber from P. edulis peel flour (PPF). After 15 days, the animals were anesthetized and sacrificed. The results showed that PPF intake positively affected the SCFAs intestinal production. The Peel group had greater butyrate and acetate concentration in cecal content than the Control group (P < 0.05), without alteration in microbiota (counts of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Enterobacteriaceae, and Total aerobic). Butyrate is a main substrate of the colonocytes and may improve mucus production, vascular flow, and mucosa barrier function. Changes in the antioxidant enzymes activity (GR, GPx, and SOD) and thiol groups (GSH) were not observed in the Peel group, which suggests that the period of PPF intake was insufficient to affect the oxidative status in the colon. These findings suggest that the Passiflora peel flour may improve bowel health by increasing SCFAs production, although more investigations are necessary about the effect of PPF on the colonic fermentation and the antioxidant status of the colon. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/10131-7 - Assessment of consumption of the peel of Passiflora edulis and its impact on intestinal inflammation in rats with ulcerative colitis
Grantee:Mário Roberto Maróstica Junior
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/16752-3 - Assessment of consumption of the peel of Passiflora edulis and its impact on intestinal inflammation in rats with ulcerative colitis.
Grantee:Cinthia Baú Betim Cazarin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate