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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

IgG sera levels against a subset of periodontopathogens and severity of disease in aggressive periodontitis patients: a cross-sectional study of selected pocket sites

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Author(s):
Saraiva, Luciana [1] ; Rebeis, Estela S. [1] ; Martins, Eder de S. [1] ; Sekiguchi, Ricardo T. [1] ; Ando-Suguimoto, Ellen S. [2] ; Mafra, Carlos Eduardo S. [1] ; Holzhausen, Marinella [1] ; Romito, Giuseppe A. [1] ; Mayer, Marcia P. A. [2]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent, Dept Periodontol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Microbiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology; v. 41, n. 10, p. 943-951, OCT 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

AimsTo evaluate the association among serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) responses to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) serotypes a, b and c, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Tannerella forsythia (Tf) and clinical parameters in Aggressive Periodontitis (AP) subjects. Associations between periodontal pathogens and clinical and immunological parameters were also evaluated. MethodsThirty-eight subjects diagnosed with generalized AP (GAP) and localized AP (LAP) were included. Ten healthy controls were also evaluated. Clinical parameters were assessed and percentages of subgingival levels of Aa, Pg and Tf (beyond bacterial load), were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum IgG antibody levels against Aa, Pg and Tf were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. ResultsPercentages of Aa, Pg and Tf were significantly higher in AP than in controls. The response to Aa serotype c was higher in LAP subjects than in controls. There were no differences in microbial composition or antibodies responses between GAP and LAP, except for IgG response to Tf. Pg levels were correlated with probing depth (PD), BoP and CAL in GAP but not in LAP subjects. Tf levels correlated with PD and CAL in GAP subjects. In GAP, the infection levels of Aa and Pg correlated with the corresponding IgG levels to Aa serotype c and Pg. ConclusionGiven the evidences that IgG response in AP patients correlated with bacterial infection level in GAP, but not in LAP, and that LAP patients lack a response to Tf, despite harbouring this species, our data suggest a difference in host immune defence between these two forms of aggressive periodontitis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/16162-1 - Analysis of serum IgG response against OMP29 and whole cell of A. actinomycetemcomitans of different serotypes and against whole cell of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia in patients with aggressive periodontitis
Grantee:Luciana Saraiva
Support type: Regular Research Grants