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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Contrasting nitrogen fertilization treatments impact xylem gene expression and secondary cell wall lignification in Eucalyptus

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Oliveira Camargo, Eduardo Leal [1, 2] ; Nascimento, Leandro Costa [1] ; Soler, Marcal [2] ; Salazar, Marcela Mendes [1] ; Lepikson-Neto, Jorge [1] ; Marques, Wesley Leoricy [1] ; Alves, Ana [3, 4] ; Pereira Lima Teixeira, Paulo Jose [1] ; Mieczkowski, Piotr [5] ; Carazzolle, Marcelo Falsarella [1] ; Martinez, Yves [6] ; Deckmann, Ana Carolina [1] ; Rodrigues, Jose Carlos [3, 4] ; Grima-Pettenati, Jacqueline [2] ; Guimaraes Pereira, Goncalo Amarante [1]
Total Authors: 15
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Lab Genom & Expressao, Dept Genet Evolucao & Bioagentes, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Toulouse 3, UMR CNRS 5546, Lab Rech Sci Vegetales, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan - France
[3] Trop Res Inst Portugal IICT, Forestry & Forest Prod Grp, Lisbon - Portugal
[4] Ctr Estudos Florestais, Lisbon - Portugal
[5] Univ N Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC - USA
[6] Federat Rech Agrobiosci Interact & Biodiversite, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan - France
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC PLANT BIOLOGY; v. 14, SEP 28 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 14
Abstract

Background: Nitrogen (N) is a main nutrient required for tree growth and biomass accumulation. In this study, we analyzed the effects of contrasting nitrogen fertilization treatments on the phenotypes of fast growing Eucalyptus hybrids (E. urophylla x E. grandis) with a special focus on xylem secondary cell walls and global gene expression patterns. Results: Histological observations of the xylem secondary cell walls further confirmed by chemical analyses showed that lignin was reduced by luxuriant fertilization, whereas a consistent lignin deposition was observed in trees grown in N-limiting conditions. Also, the syringyl/guaiacyl (S/G) ratio was significantly lower in luxuriant nitrogen samples. Deep sequencing RNAseq analyses allowed us to identify a high number of differentially expressed genes (1,469) between contrasting N treatments. This number is dramatically higher than those obtained in similar studies performed in poplar but using microarrays. Remarkably, all the genes involved the general phenylpropanoid metabolism and lignin pathway were found to be down-regulated in response to high N availability. These findings further confirmed by RT-qPCR are in agreement with the reduced amount of lignin in xylem secondary cell walls of these plants. Conclusions: This work enabled us to identify, at the whole genome level, xylem genes differentially regulated by N availability, some of which are involved in the environmental control of xylogenesis. It further illustrates that N fertilization can be used to alter the quantity and quality of lignocellulosic biomass in Eucalyptus, offering exciting prospects for the pulp and paper industry and for the use of short coppices plantations to produce second generation biofuels. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08293-7 - CCES - Center for Computational Engineering and Sciences
Grantee:Munir Salomao Skaf
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC