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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Zn2+ doped ormosil-phosphotungstate hybrid films with enhanced photochromic response

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Author(s):
Ferreira-Neto, Elias Paiva [1] ; Ullah, Sajjad [1] ; Elguera Ysnaga, Orlando Armando [1] ; Rodrigues-Filho, Ubirajara Pereira [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology; v. 72, n. 2, SI, p. 290-300, NOV 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Owing to the wide use of photochromic materials in UV sensors and dosimeters, considerable efforts have been made to increase the UV-response and sensitivity of the existing classes of photochromic materials. In this study, we report a simple sol-gel route for the preparation of highly photochromic transparent films based on ormosil-phosphotungstate hybrid materials. The effect of addition of Zn2+ ions on the photochromic response of these hybrid films and the possible mechanism involved is discussed. Compared to the undoped samples, the photochromic response of the Zn2+-doped hybrid films increases by 59-237 % depending on the concentration of Zn2+ ions added to the sol formulation. No structural or electronic change in the phosphotungstate dye was observed by vibrational spectroscopy or UV spectroscopy, though micro X-ray fluorescence (mu-XRF) analysis showed that the addition of Zn2+ in the sol-gel preparations leads to an increase in the amount of phosphotungstate (HPW) incorporated in the dip-coated films. Furthermore, TEM and nano-energy-dispersive X-ray showed formation of nano-agglomerates consisting of Zn and HPW in the Zn2+-doped samples. Zn K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure analysis also confirmed the formation of the salt H-x{[}Zn(OH2)(6)] 2-xPW12O40. It is suggested that these Zn-phosphotungstate nano-agglomerates get trapped into the ormosil network during films preparation leading to increased concentration of the phosphotungstate anions in the films, in accordance with results from mu-XRF analysis. Raman spectroscopy confirmed that the Keggin structure of HPW is preserved in the hybrid films. FTIR spectra of the matrix part of the samples are identical before and after UV-irradiation, which suggests that the photochromic process does not involve oxidation of the organic functionalities. These highly photochromic hybrid films are promising candidates for the design of practical UV-sensing devices and dosimeters. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/08120-0 - Nanostructured films: on the influence of the architecture on Photoactivity properties of films with phosphotungstate and nanoparticles
Grantee:Ubirajara Pereira Rodrigues Filho
Support type: Regular Research Grants