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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Trends in water balance components across the Brazilian Cerrado

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Oliveira, Paulo Tarso S. [1, 2] ; Nearing, Mark A. [1] ; Moran, M. Susan [1] ; Goodrich, David C. [1] ; Wendland, Edson [2] ; Gupta, Hoshin V. [3]
Total Authors: 6
[1] USDA ARS, Southwest Watershed Res Ctr, Tucson, AZ - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hydraul & Sanit Engn, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Arizona, Dept Hydrol & Water Resources, Tucson, AZ 85721 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH; v. 50, n. 9, p. 7100-7114, SEP 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 50

We assess the water balance of the Brazilian Cerrado based on remotely sensed estimates of precipitation (TRMM), evapotranspiration (MOD16), and terrestrial water storage (GRACE) for the period from 2003 to 2010. Uncertainties for each remotely sensed data set were computed, the budget closure was evaluated using measured discharge data for the three largest river basins in the Cerrado, and the Mann-Kendall test was used to evaluate temporal trends in the water balance components and measured river discharge. The results indicate an overestimation of discharge data, due mainly to the overestimation of rainfall by TRMM version 6. However, better results were obtained when the new release of TRMM 3B42 v7 was used instead. Our results suggest that there have been (a) significant increases in average annual evapotranspiration over the entire Cerrado of 5115 mm yr(-1), (b) terrestrial water storage increases of 116 mm yr(-1) in the northeast region of the Brazilian Cerrado, and (c) runoff decreases of 7211 mm yr(-1) in isolated spots and in the western part of the State of Mato Grosso. Although complete water budget closure from remote sensing remains a significant challenge due to uncertainties in the data, it provides a useful way to evaluate trends in major water balance components over large regions, identify dry periods, and assess changes in water balance due to land cover and land use change. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/18788-5 - Water balance and soil erosion in native forest of the Cerrado biome
Grantee:Paulo Tarso Sanches de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/14273-3 - Water balance and soil erosion in native forest of the cerrado biome
Grantee:Luisa Fernanda Ribeiro Reis
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/03764-9 - Dynamics of water balance and soil erosion in cerrado
Grantee:Paulo Tarso Sanches de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate