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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Long-term carbon loss in fragmented Neotropical forests

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Author(s):
Puetz, Sandro [1, 2, 3] ; Groeneveld, Juergen [2, 4] ; Henle, Klaus [1] ; Knogge, Christoph [1] ; Martensen, Alexandre Camargo [5] ; Metz, Markus [6] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [7] ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar [7, 8] ; de Paula, Mateus Dantas [2] ; Huth, Andreas [2, 9, 10]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Conservat Biol, D-04318 Leipzig - Germany
[2] UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Ecol Modelling, D-04318 Leipzig - Germany
[3] UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Bioenergy, D-04318 Leipzig - Germany
[4] Univ Auckland, Sch Environm, Auckland 1 - New Zealand
[5] Univ Toronto, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2 - Canada
[6] Fdn Edmund Mach, Ist Agr San Michele All Adige, I-38010 San Michele All Adige, TN - Italy
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Univ Estadual Paulista Julio Mesquita Filho UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Ecol, Spatial Ecol & Conservat Lab LEEC, BR-13506900 Rio Claro - Brazil
[9] Univ Osnabruck, Inst Environm Syst Res, D-49076 Osnabruck - Germany
[10] German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, D-04103 Leipzig - Germany
Total Affiliations: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS; v. 5, OCT 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 61
Abstract

Tropical forests play an important role in the global carbon cycle, as they store a large amount of carbon (C). Tropical forest deforestation has been identified as a major source of CO2 emissions, though biomass loss due to fragmentation-the creation of additional forest edges-has been largely overlooked as an additional CO2 source. Here, through the combination of remote sensing and knowledge on ecological processes, we present long-term carbon loss estimates due to fragmentation of Neotropical forests: within 10 years the Brazilian Atlantic Forest has lost 69 (+/- 14) Tg C, and the Amazon 599 (+/- 120) Tg C due to fragmentation alone. For all tropical forests, we estimate emissions up to 0.2 Pg Cy-1 or 9 to 24% of the annual global C loss due to deforestation. In conclusion, tropical forest fragmentation increases carbon loss and should be accounted for when attempting to understand the role of vegetation in the global carbon balance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 02/02126-7 - Study of the relative importance of the degree of connectivity and of the structure of the vegetation for the small mammal community in wooded fragments of the Atlantic Rainforest
Grantee:Sérgio Marques de Souza
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 02/02125-0 - Effects of the fragmentation of the Atlantic Rainforest: investigating the importance of the size of the fragment and of the quality of the habitat in the structuring of the small mammal community
Grantee:Ricardo Braga Neto
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 99/05123-4 - Biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes at the Atlantic Plateau of São Paulo (Brazil)
Grantee:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Support Opportunities: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 01/13309-2 - Effects of the fragmentation of the Atlantic Rainforest: a comparative study between landscapes and groups of species of small vertebrates
Grantee:Renata Pardini
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate