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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Emission factors of air pollutants from vehicles measured inside road tunnels in So Paulo: case study comparison

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Author(s):
Perez-Martinez, P. J. [1, 2] ; Miranda, R. M. [3] ; Nogueira, T. [1] ; Guardani, M. L. [4] ; Fornaro, A. [1] ; Ynoue, R. [1] ; Andrade, M. F. [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Politecn Madrid, ETSIM Grp Econ Sostenible Medio Nat ECSEN, E-28040 Madrid - Spain
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geophys & Atmospher Sci IAG, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Environm Regulat Agcy, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; v. 11, n. 8, SI, p. 2155-2168, NOV 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 26
Abstract

Burning of fuels from the transport sector is one of the main sources of air pollutants emission in urban areas. In order to implement public policies concerning air quality and public health, there is a need to develop emission inventories. Measurements inside traffic tunnels can provide an evaluation of emission factors of vehicles in-use in real conditions. In this paper, we show measurements of air pollutants for a mixed vehicle fleet, heavy- and light-duty vehicles (HDVs and LDVs), in two tunnels in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo in 2011 in order to calculate the pollutant emission factors (EFs). Measurements of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particle matter (PM2.5) were taken. High concentrations related to high-density traffic, especially during weekdays. EFs were heavily influenced by the pollutant species loads, so the total vehicle traffic and the fraction of HDV. The EF values for HDV were 3.6 and 9.2 g km(-1), for CO and NOx, respectively (5.8 and 0.3 g km(-1) for LDV). To determine EF estimates, parameters such as velocity of the air, cross-sectional area and length of the tunnel and vehicles passing at 1-h time interval were considered. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/18777-6 - Assessment of vehicular emissions of organic and inorganic compounds from the combustion of biofuels and their contributions to air quality in the metropolitan area of São Paulo
Grantee:Thiago Nogueira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/58104-8 - Narrowing the uncertainties on aerosol and climate changes in São Paulo State: NUANCES-SPS
Grantee:Maria de Fátima Andrade
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants